Cambridge, Cambridgeshire


Kearsley's Traveller's Entertaining Guide Through Great Britain (1803):

Cambridge is the seat of a celebrated university, situated on the river Cam. The town consists of fourteen parishes, and is governed by a mayor and aldermen. The mayor, when he enters upon his office, takes an oath to maintain the privileges of the university. The town-hall and shire-house are the only buildings of note that do not belong to the university. The houses are old and the streets narrow, but well- paved. The county gaol is the gatehouse of an ancient castle built by William the Conqueror. There is a conduit in the market-place erected by Hobson, the famous carrier, and repaired from an estate left by him; it is constantly running. The origin of the university is obscured in antiquity; it is supposed to have been founded during the heptarchy. It contains twelve colleges and four halls, which have equal privileges with the colleges. The colleges are, Peterhouse , Corpus Christi or Bennet, King's, Queen's, Jesus, Christ's, St. John's, Magdalen, Caius, Trinity, Emanuel, and Sidney Sussex. The halls are, Clare, Pembroke, Trinity, and Catharine. Of the colleges, Peter-house is the most ancient, being founded in 1257 and King's, and Trinity the most considerable. King's college is the noblest foundation in Europe; and the chapel, one of the finest pieces of Gothic architecture in the world.

The library, chapel, etc of Trinity-college, are worthy of observation. The other structures belonging to the university are the senate-house, a fine edifice, with which, St. Mary's church, the Schools, the university library, and other buildings, forms a noble square. Here is a botanical garden, and a general hospital, called Addenbroke's, from the name of the founder. It is in contemplation to erect a new college, to be called Downing-college, from estates left for that purpose many years ago.

Inns : Sun, Black Bull etc.

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Quotations
 Chapter 35 
"Mr. Wickham is the son of a very respectable man, who had for many years the management of all the Pemberley estates, and whose good conduct in the discharge of his trust naturally inclined my father to be of service to him; and on George Wickham, who was his godson, his kindness was therefore liberally bestowed. My father supported him at school, and afterwards at Cambridge; "
 

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