Quick Index Board Index Home FAQ Site Map
|More convenient to keep the carraige,I would think.
Written by JulieW
(9/19/2006 5:35 a.m.)
in consequence of the missive, Carriage but no horses?, penned by Tracy W
I am sure Mrs Dashwood's carraige was rather nicely kitted out. It would have been a clean and comfortable method of travelling about: carraiges if ordered new and custom made by a maker like William Felton,could have been made quite luxurious items with many personailised "extras" fittede, which made any journey more comfortable.
In his book A Treatise on Carriages comprehending Coaches,Chariots, Phaetons,Curricles ,Whiskies etc.,(194) lists them ( and their cost)details the extra " travelling conveniences" which could only be purchased from a coachmaker:
There are many conveniences used with carraiges, but more especially with those for travelling,that are not amnufactured,but only sold and fitted by coachmakers; teh principal of whic are trunks, imperials,cap and hat boxes of various descriptions...
A bespoke carriage would also have upholstery that would suit your particular needs and taste: the carriage would also be decorated( perhaps with your coat of arms) in a way that was pleasing to you.
Aside from the fact that travelling would be difficult without a carraige,I can certainly see why Mrs Dashwood may be attatched to hers( particualry if she ahs been involved in the commissioning process),and would not relish having to use a hired hack( condition uncertain).
So why woudl a carraige be expensive to keep?It doesnt need tobe fed like a horse? well, the anser lies in the taxation system.carraiges ,as well as horses, see belwo) wre taxed.If you owned a carriage you ahd to pau an annual anmmountof tax on it.
The Tax on Establishments of Carraiges in 1812 was as follows:
Carraige with four wheels
One carriage in the establishment harged at £12.00 per annum
and so the table continued incrementally, to finally a charge of £18 3 shillings per carriage in establishments of nine plus carraiges.
So- why didn't the Dashwoods keep horses? Well, horses could be hired at most inns ( and someinns allowed you to hire "post" carriages too) and that would have been cheaperto do instead of of keeping them, which would , of course necessitated paying all the associated costs.
Of course,you needed to feed and house the horses and pay a groom to look after them.
But then there was also a hidden cost to conisder.
You had to pay a tax on horses,as well as carraiges.
Horses used for pleasure and for farm purposes were taxed by the goverment of Mr Pitt and indeed by sucessive govenments( in fact most consumable items were taxed during this period ).The taxation-a stealth tax if you like - was imposed to help pay for the extreme cost of wars with America and France.
The tax on "establishments of horses " was first introduced in 1784 ( 24 Geo.III. c.31). It exempeted ,at first ,horses used for agrcultural purposes,and was imposed upon " pleasure horses kept for amusement". For every horse kept and used "for the saddle" or for "driving in a carraige" a tax of 10 shillings per year was levied.
BY 1805 the taxation had been increased considerably.
For one horse kept for plesure the tax imposed was 2 pounds 17 shillings and 6 pence per annum.For two horses 4 pounds,14 shillings and 6 pence (that is 9pounds 9 shillings for each),and so on along a sliding scale to a n establishment of 20 or more horses where a tax of 6 pounds and 12 shillings was charged for every saddle or carriage horse.
From April 5th 1796 ( 36 Geo III.c.15) taxes were imposed also upon horses used for agriculure, or for the purposes of trade.At first the duty was 2 shillings per horse,but it was raised to a maximum of 17 shillings and 6 pence per horse used in husbandry in 1812.
Groupread is maintained by Myretta with WebBBS 3.21.