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|As to tone, touch, and pedal,
Written by Tarn
(4/22/2008 1:45 a.m.)
"Whereas the Viennese instrument was light and delicate, the English pianoforte, developed chiefly by the Scottish pianoforte-maker John Broadwood, was noted for its brilliance and power. Broadwood...made several modifications to the pianoforte: adding more strings per note and iron braces to the wooden frame and introducing a sustaining pedal, instead of a hand-controlled stop.
Dussek was a composer/virtuoso member of The London Pianoforte School, founded by Clementi.
When Frank Churchill asks Emma if she has heard of Cramer, I suspect him of having a private joke at her expense, knowing more about music than he pretends- enough to know full well that she has never heard of Cramer.
Clementi also developed a new method of teaching this new style of playing this new instrument, with a progressive syllabus. When he went on tour to Europe, he collected pieces from contemporary composers as well as the old masters, sometimes commissioning pieces especially for his tutors for music students, as well taking pieces to be published in his London sheet music business.
It is a possible that Jane Fairfax learnt to play in by the syllabus of the London Pianoforte School -starting with Clementi's "Introduction to the Art of Playing on the Pianoforte"(first published in 1801), methodically working through his volumes on The Selection of Practical Harmony (published 1801, 1802,1811 and 1814). The dates these tutors were published are timed just right for her education, with her going to the Campbells in 1802 and continuing with her piano master in London until 1812.
These were superior tutors, exposing the student to the best of the old and modern composers from the very start. Poor Miss Taylor had learnt how to teach before she arrived at the Woodhouses in 1797, so she was probably had to adapt the ideas of someone like C.P.E Bach, who taught for the harpsichord, to the new instrument for the Miss Woodhouses.
In addition to teaching, composing, publishing and piano developing, it was Clementi that first introduced Beethoven's music to England. Beethoven returned the favor by preferring English pianofortes and developing his Heroic style to suit the range of their tones. Beethoven recommended Cramer's Studios as the ideal preparation for playing his own works.
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